Course guide of Political Systems in the Maghreb (21211F1)

Curso 2022/2023
Approval date: 14/06/2022

Grado (bachelor's degree)

Bachelor'S Degree in Political Science and Public Administration


Social and Legal Sciences


Magreb y Oriente Próximo


Sistemas Políticos del Magreb

Year of study




ECTS Credits


Course type

Elective course

Teaching staff


  • Guadalupe Martínez Fuentes. Grupo: B
  • Raquel Ojeda García. Grupos: A y B
  • María Angustias Parejo Fernández. Grupo: A

Timetable for tutorials

Guadalupe Martínez Fuentes

  • First semester
    • Monday de 17:30 a 19:30 (Decanato)
    • Tuesday de 11:00 a 13:00 (Decanato)
    • Wednesday de 17:30 a 19:30 (Decanato)
  • Second semester
    • Tuesday de 09:00 a 15:00 (Decanato)

Raquel Ojeda García

  • First semester
    • Monday
      • 12:15 a 14:15 (Despacho 13 - Planta 3)
      • 19:30 a 21:30 (Despacho 13 - Planta 3)
    • Tuesday de 19:30 a 21:30 (Despacho 13 - Planta 3)
  • Second semester
    • Monday de 11:30 a 14:30 (Despacho 13 - Planta 3)
    • Wednesday de 11:30 a 14:30 (Despacho 13 - Planta 3)

María Angustias Parejo Fernández

  • First semester
    • Monday de 13:00 a 15:00 (Despacho 17 - Planta 3)
    • Friday
      • 09:00 a 11:00 (Despacho 17 - Planta 3)
      • 13:00 a 15:00 (Despacho 17 - Planta 3)
  • Second semester
    • Tuesday de 11:30 a 14:30 (Despacho 17 - Planta 3)
    • Wednesday de 11:30 a 14:30 (Despacho 17 - Planta 3)

Prerequisites of recommendations

A satisfactory level of competence in English is highly recommended to get the most from lectures, seminars, debates and readings.

Brief description of content (According to official validation report)

This course offers an explanation of both the evolution of the political regimes in the region (Mauritania, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia and Libya) and their evolving relations with the European Union and the USA.

Additional Info: The students will be provided with a teaching guide at the beginning of the course with further information about learning outcomes, syllabus, recommended readings, other learning resources, planned teaching activities and form of assessment.

General and specific competences

General competences

  • CG01. Capacity for analysis and synthesis.
  • CG02. Organizational and planning skills.
  • CG03. -
  • CG04. Development of computer skills related to the field of study.
  • CG05. Information management skills.
  • CG06. Problem solving skills.
  • CG08. Ability to work in a team.
  • CG09. Interpersonal relationship skills.
  • CG10. Recognition of diversity and multiculturalism.
  • CG11. Critical thinking skills. 
  • CG12. Development of autonomous learning. 
  • CG13. Adaptation to new situations. 
  • CG14. Ability to develop creative activities. 
  • CG16. Knowledge of other cultures and customs. 
  • CG18. Motivation for quality. 
  • CG19. Development of the ability to carry out a process well based on guidelines. 

Specific competences

  • CE02. Describe, explain and analyze the structure and functioning of political systems. 
  • CE03. Describe, explain and analyze the structure and functioning of political institutions. 
  • CE04. Analyze the behavior of political actors and citizens. 
  • CE09. Analyze the economic environment and evaluate public financing. 
  • CE11. Analyze international and European Union policy. 
  • CE15. Use information and communication technologies and analyze their impact on the political system. 
  • CE16. Be interested in current theoretical and methodological debates on the need to move towards more pluralistic, integrative and comprehensive approaches in Political Science and Administration. 
  • CE17. To acquire a critical and analytical attitude towards political events. 
  • CE18. To appreciate the importance of collaborating, participating and getting involved in the analysis of political processes, actors and institutions, as a guideline for the improvement of decision making. 
  • CE19. To foster an open, flexible and understanding attitude towards the complex, dynamic, social and ideological nature of politics and public administrations. 

Objectives (Expressed as expected learning outcomes)

  1. Identification of national and international dimensions in the Tunsian, Libyan , Moroccan, Algerian and Mauritanian political processes.
  2. Identification of political, economic, social, religious and geopolitical dimensions in the Tunsian, Libyan , Moroccan, Algerian and Mauritanian political processes.
  3. Identification of political, economic, social and religious dimensions in the Tunsian, Libyan , Moroccan, Algerian and Mauritanian political processes Que el estudiante conozca e interprete las dinámicas regionales y la dimensión política internacional del Magreb
  4. Identificación of regimes,  regime changes and changes within the regime in the Tunsian, Libyan , Moroccan, Algerian and Mauritanian political processes.

Detailed syllabus


First Term

  1. Tunisian political system, actors, politics and policies
  2. Libyan political system, actors, policies and policies

Second Term

  1. Moroccan political system, actors, politics and policies
  2. Algerian political system, actors, politics and policies
  3. Mauritania political system, actors, politics and policies

Mauritanian political system, actors, politics and policies


Electoral process analysis 

TED talk

Rol play

Press Review

Reaction Paper



Basic reading list


Alexis Arieff (2011) “U.S.-Tunisian Relations”, in Political Transition in Tunisia, Congressional Research Services, pp.19-25.

Brieg Tomos Powel (2008) From Democracy to Stability: European Union Democracy Promotion in Tunisia 1995-2007, pp. 186-213:


Issandr El Amrani (2012), “The US Response to the Arab Uprising: Part of the Problem?”, in Riccardo Alcaro and Miguel Haubrich-Seco (eds) Re-thinking Western Policies in Light  of the Arab Uprising:

Silvia Colombo and Nathalie Tocci (2012), “The EU Response to the Arab Uprising; Old Wine in New Bottles?”, in Riccardo Alcaro and Miguel Haubrich-Seco (eds) Re-thinking Western Policies in Light  of the Arab Uprising:

Cecil, Charles O. (1965) “The Determinants of Libyan Foreign Policy”,  Middle East Journal, 19 (1).


George Joffé & Emanuela Paoletti (2011) “The foreign policy process in Libya”, The Journal of North African Studies, 16 (2): 183-213

Mikah Zenko (2016) “The Big Lie About the Libyan War”, Foreing policy. 

Alan Kuperman (2013) “Lessons from Libya: How Not to Intervene”, Quarterly Journal: International Security,

Shadi Hamid (2016) “Everyone says the Libya intervention as a failure. The’re wrong”, Brookings.


•ALLAN, Joanna. 2016. "Natural Resources and Intifada: Oil, Phosphates and Resistance to Colonialism in Western Sahara."  Journal of North African Studies 21 (4):1-22.

•Allan, Joanna; Ojeda-García, Raquel. 2021. “Natural resource exploitation in Western Sahara: new research directions”. The Journal of North African Studies, DOI: 10.1080/13629387.2021.1917120

•SAUL, Ben. 2015. "The Status of Western Sahara as Occupied Territory under International Humanitarian Law and the Exploitation of Natural Resources."  Global Change, Peace and Security 27 (3):301-322.


FAKIR, Intissa, O’KEEFE, Abby (2020). “Can Mauritania Protect its Political Stability?”. Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

•OJEDA-GARCÍA, Raquel, LÓPEZ-RUÍZ, Samara (2019), “Mauritania: ¿el fin de la era Abdelaziz?” Afkar/Ideas. Verano 2019: 43-46.


•GHANEM, Dalia (2020). The country’s leaders are seeking to put an end to the popular protest movement, but it’s just not working.

•VOLPIE, Frédéric (2006). “Algeria's pseudo-democratic politics: Lessons for democratization in the Middle East”. Democratization, 13(3): 442-455.

•ABDERAHMANE, Yacine (2020). “Identity belonging and Constitutional reform in Algeria: Reconciliating Ideologies for a Peaceful Transition”. Arab Reform Initiative.





Complementary reading

ALVAREZ-OSSORIO, Ignacio (Ed.): Sociedad civil y contestación en Oriente Medio y Norte de Africa, Barcelona, CIDOB, 2013. CPS/297 ALV soc.


 ALVAREZ-OSSORIO, Ignacio (Ed.): La primavera árabe revisitada. Reconfiguración del autoritarismo y recomposición del islamismo, Navarra, Thomson Reuters, Aranzadi, 2015.CPS/297 ALV pri


AMOUR, Philipp O.  (Ed.) : The Regional Order in the Gulf Region and the Middle East, Nueva York Palgrave Macmillan, 2020. Pedido a Biblioteca 8-VII-2020


CAMAU, Michel (Dir.): Changements politiques au Maghreb (Extrait de l'Annuaire de L'Afrique du Nord), París, Editions du Centre National de la Recherche Scientifi¬que, 1991. CPS/323.1 CHA cha.


CAMAU, Michel y VAIREL, Frédéric (S.d,): Soulèvements et recompositions politiques dans le monde arabe,  Montreal, les Presses de l’Université de Montréal, Montreal, 2014. CPS 323.2 CAM sou.


DE LARRAMENDI, Miguel Hernando y LOPEZ GARCIA, Bernabé (Coor.): Sistemas políticos del Magreb actual, Madrid, Mapfre, 1996. CPS/321 SIS sis.


DE LARRAMENDI, Miguel Hernando y MAÑE ESTRADA, Aurelia (Eds.): La política exterior española hacia el Magreb: actores e intereses, Madrid, Ariel, 2009. CPS/961 HER.


DESRUES, Thierry y MOYANO, Eduardo (Coord.): Cambio, gobernabilidad y crisis en el Magreb, Córdoba, CSIC, 1997. CPS/61 CAM cam.


FLORENSA, Senén (Dir.): The Arab spring in comparative perspective. Barcelona, IEMed, 2015. CPS/297 FLO ara


GONZÁLEZ DEL MIÑO, Paloma, Tres años de revoluciones árabes, Madrid, La Catarata, 2014. FLA/HCO/297 TRE tre


GONZÁLEZ DEL MIÑO, Paloma (Ed.) La Primavera Arabe ¿una ®evolución regional?, Madrid, Universidad Complutense, 2013.


GUTIÉRREZ DE TERÁN GÓMEZ-BENITA, Ignacio, Las revoluciones árabes. Relato de un proceso en desarrollo, Madrid, Editorial Síntesis, 2017.


IZQUIERDO BRICHS, Ferran (Ed.): Poder y regímenes en  Mundo Árabe contemporáneo, Barcelona, CIDOB, Barcelona, 2009. CPS/297 IZQ pod.


IZQUIERDO BRICHS, Ferran (Coord.); Islam político en el Mediterráneo: transformaciones y adaptación en un contexto cambiante, Revista CIDOB d’Affers Intenationals, nº 93-94, 2011.



IZQUIERDO BRICHS, Ferran (ed.): Political Regimes in the Arab Worl, Oxon y Nueva York, Routledge, 2013.CPS/297 IZQ pol.


IZQUIERDO BRICHS, Ferran (ed.), Islam político en el Mediterráneo. Radiografía de una evolución, Barcelona,  Fundació CIDOB/Bellatera, 2013.


KHADER, Bichara: Europa por el Mediterráneo: de Barcelona a Barcelona (1995-2009), Barcelona,

Icaria, 2009. Centro Doc. Europea CDC/CDE.


LACOMBA, Joan: Emergencia del islamismo en el Magreb: las raíces sociopolíticas de los movimientos islamistas, Madrid,  Los Libros de la Catarata,  2000. CPS/961LAC eme


LAMCHICHI, Abderrahim: Islam et contestation au Maghreb, París,  L’Harmattan, 1989. CPS/297 LAM isl.


LEVEAU, Rémy: Le sabre et le turban. L’avenir du Maghreb, París, François Bourin, 1997. CPS/961 LEV sab.


LOPEZ GARCIA, Bernabé: El mundo arabo-islámico contemporáneo, Madrid, Síntesis, 1997. CPS/61 LOP mun.


MARTÍN, Gema: El Estado árabe. Crisis de legitimidad y contestación islamista, Barcleona, Bellaterra, 1999. CPS/297 MAR est.


MONTABES PEREIRA, Juan: Las otras elecciones. Los procesos y los sistemas electorales en el Magreb, Madrid,  MAE, ICMA, 1999. CPS/961 MON otras.


OJEDA, Raquel, VEGUILLA, Victoria y FERNANDEZ, Irene (Coords.): Global, Regional and Local Dimensions of the Western Sahara’s Protracted Decolonization. When a Conflict Gets Old, Nueva York,  Palgrave,  2017. CPS/964 OJE glo.


PAREJO FERNANDEZ, María Angustias (Coord.): Entre el autoritarismo y la democracia. Los procesos electorales en el Magreb, Barcelona, Bellaterra, 2010. CPS/961 PAR ent.


PEREZ BELTRAN, Carmelo y RUIZ ALMODOVAR, Caridad (Coord.): El Magreb. Coordenadas socioculturales. Granada, Grupo de Investigación Estudios Arabes Contemporá¬neos. Universidad de Granada, 1995. CPS/964 MAG mag.


PICARD, Élizabeth (S.d.): La politique dans le monde arabe, París,  Armand Colin, 2006. CPS/ 961 PIC pol.


PRENANT, André y BOUZIANE, Semmoud: Magreb y Oriente Medio: espacios y sociedades, Granaada,  Universidad de Granada, 2006. CPS/961 Pre mag


POSUSNEY, Marsha Pripstein y ANGRIST, Michele Penner: Authoritarianism in the Midlle East: regimes and resistence, Lynne Rienner Publishers. Boulder, Londres, 2005. CPS/956 AUT ant.


ROMANET PERROUX, Jean-Louis: “The Deep Roots of Libya’s Security Fragmentation”, Middle Eastern Studies,  2019, 55:2, 200-224.


SEGURA I MAS, Antoni: El Magreb, del colonialismo al islamismo. Universitat de Barcelona. Barcelona, 1994. CPS/964 SEG mag.


SZMOLKA, Inmaculada (Ed.): Political Change in Middle East and North Africa. After the Arab Spring,  Edinburgh,  Edinburgh University Press, 2017. CPS 297 SZM pol


TROIN, Jean François, BISON, Jean (S.D.): Le Grand Maghreb, París, Armand Colin, 2006. CPS 961 TRO gra.


VOLPI, Fréderic : Revolution and Autoritarianism in North Africa, Londres, Hurst &Company, 2017. CPS 961 VOL rev


ZOUBIR, Yahia  y AMIRAH FERNANDEZ, Haizam (Coords): El Magreb. Realidades nacionales y dinámicas regionales. Editorial Síntesis, Madrid, 2008.CPS/961 ZOU mag.


ZOUBIR, Yahia  y AMIRAH FERNANDEZ, Haizam (Eds.): North Africa: politics, region and the limits of transformation, Londres, Routledge,  2008. CPS/961 ZOU nor.


Recommended links

Teaching methods

  • MD01. Lecture/exhibition 
  • MD02. Discussion and debate sessions 
  • MD03. Problem solving and case studies 
  • MD05. Field practicum 
  • MD06. Computer lab practicals 
  • MD07. Seminars 
  • MD08. Simulation exercises 
  • MD09. Analysis of sources and documents 
  • MD10. Group work 
  • MD11. Individual work 

Assessment methods (Instruments, criteria and percentages)

Ordinary assessment session



First term


  • Reflective writing (30%)
  • Rol play on Tunisia (10%)
  • Press review on Tunisia (10%)
  • Reflective writing  (30%)
  • Role play on Libya (10%)
  • Press review on Libya (10%)


Second term

  • Reflective writings (3x20%)
  • Presentation of the Press Review (20%)
  • Participation on the Seminars (20%)

Extraordinary assessment session

First term


  • Press review on Tunisia (10%)
  • Press review on Libya  (10%)
  • Essay on Tunisia or Libya (80%)


Second term

  • Essay  (70%)
  • Press Review (30%)

Single final assessment

First term


  • Press review on Tunisia (10%)
  • Press review on Libya  (10%)
  • Essay on Tunisia or Libya (80%)

 Second term

  • Essay  (70%)
  • Press Review (30%)