Course guide of Design and Analysis of Electoral Campaigns (21211D2)

Curso 2022/2023
Approval date: 14/06/2022

Grado (bachelor's degree)

Bachelor'S Degree in Political Science and Public Administration

Branch

Social and Legal Sciences

Module

Elecciones

Subject

Diseño y Análisis de Campañas Electorales

Year of study

4

Semester

2

ECTS Credits

6

Course type

Elective course

Teaching staff

Theory

  • Alina Danet Danet. Grupo: B
  • Javier García Marín. Grupo: A
  • Fátima Recuero López. Grupo: A

Timetable for tutorials

Alina Danet Danet

Email
  • First semester
    • Tuesday de 10:00 a 13:00 (Dcho. Fpu-1 - Planta 1)
    • Thursday de 10:00 a 13:00 (Dcho. Fpu-1 - Planta 1)
  • Second semester
    • Monday de 16:00 a 17:30 (Dcho. Fpu-1 - Planta 1)
    • Tuesday de 10:30 a 15:00 (Desp.1 - Fac.Traducción)

Javier García Marín

Email
  • First semester
    • Monday de 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 21 - Planta 3)
    • Wednesday
      • 12:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 21 - Planta 3)
      • 15:00 a 16:00 (Despacho 21 - Planta 3)
  • Second semester
    • Monday de 11:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 21 - Planta 3)
    • Thursday
      • 09:00 a 11:00 (Despacho 21 - Planta 3)
      • 13:00 a 14:00 (Despacho 21 - Planta 3)

Fátima Recuero López

Email
  • First semester
    • Monday de 17:30 a 19:30 (Dcho. Fpu-3 - Planta 1)
    • Tuesday
      • 11:00 a 13:00 (Dcho. Fpu-3 - Planta 1)
      • 17:30 a 19:30 (Dcho. Fpu-3 - Planta 1)
  • Second semester
    • Thursday de 16:00 a 20:00 (Dcho. Fpu-3 - Planta 1)
    • Friday de 11:00 a 13:00 (Dcho. Fpu-3 - Planta 1)

Prerequisites of recommendations

To possess a medium-high level of English, as most of the basic and complementary reading is written in English, the classes will develop in English, as well as the exam and all written and oral exercises.
Students can make use of a dictionary during the examination.
It is recommended not to begin this course until having passed most subjects of the three first years of the Grade. It is preferably to have coursed the subject "Comunicación política" of the degree of Political Science and of the Administration or the double degree in Political Science and Law.

 

Brief description of content (According to official validation report)

The growing social and media importance of the political and electoral processes, as well as of the decisions and activities of political parties and institutions make it necessary to draw attention to more specific issues in this area in the undergraduate studies of political science.
In Political Marketing we will learn in a practical and up-to-date way about the different mechanisms, techniques and marketing mechanisms and strategies used by political parties and public and private institutions to design and communicate their image, their messages and campaigns carried out during electoral periods, as well as during their day-to-day activities, in the so-called "permanent campaign".
The Program includes, therefore, the whole process of design and strategic planning, from the organization of the electoral communication to the evaluation of its impact on the public opinion. Special focus will be put on the most innovative issues of modern communication: electoral debates, candidate image building, storytelling, storytelling, public relations, etc.
 

 

General and specific competences

General competences

  • CG01. Capacity for analysis and synthesis.
  • CG02. Organizational and planning skills.
  • CG03. -
  • CG04. Development of computer skills related to the field of study.
  • CG05. Information management skills.
  • CG06. Problem solving skills.
  • CG07. Decision-making ability.
  • CG08. Ability to work in a team.
  • CG09. Interpersonal relationship skills.
  • CG11. Critical thinking skills. 
  • CG12. Development of autonomous learning. 
  • CG13. Adaptation to new situations. 
  • CG14. Ability to develop creative activities. 
  • CG15. Leadership skills. 
  • CG17. Initiative and entrepreneurial spirit. 
  • CG18. Motivation for quality. 
  • CG19. Development of the ability to carry out a process well based on guidelines. 

Specific competences

  • CE05. Interpret political processes in their historical, political and social dimensions. 
  • CE13. Operate with quantitative and qualitative data in socio-political research. 
  • CE14. Apply political communication techniques. 
  • CE15. Use information and communication technologies and analyze their impact on the political system. 
  • CE16. Be interested in current theoretical and methodological debates on the need to move towards more pluralistic, integrative and comprehensive approaches in Political Science and Administration. 
  • CE17. To acquire a critical and analytical attitude towards political events. 
  • CE18. To appreciate the importance of collaborating, participating and getting involved in the analysis of political processes, actors and institutions, as a guideline for the improvement of decision making. 
  • CE19. To foster an open, flexible and understanding attitude towards the complex, dynamic, social and ideological nature of politics and public administrations. 

Objectives (Expressed as expected learning outcomes)

At the end of the course, students are expected to have acquired the basic conceptual, methodological and instrumental knowledge that will allow them to face autonomously the analysis of electoral campaigns and apply their knowledge to different contexts of democratic societies.

The objective is to provide tools in the fields of analysis and definition of the framework of the political and electoral competition; the definition and selection of electoral objectives; the design and electoral competition; the definition and selection of the electoral objectives; the design of the campaign communication strategies; the definition and selection of the agenda of campaign themes and their transmission; the definition and selection of the campaign agenda and its transmission messages, and the definition of images and the creation of candidate personalities.

 

Detailed syllabus

Theory

1. Electoral campaigns: an introduction
           What are the electoral campaigns?
           Functions of electoral campaigns in a democracy
           The study of electoral campaigns
           The effects of electoral campaigns on the voters: persuasion
           Electoral campaigns and regulation from a comparative perspective
2. Segmentation and electoral objectives
           The objectives of an electoral campaign
           Obtaining data to design a campaign: electoral indexes 
           Electoral segmentation techniques
           Electoral strategy and data
           Surveys in the media
3. Political strategy

           Electoral campaign planning
           The design of the campaign: positioning and themes
           The strategy
4. Communication and electoral campaigns
           The media in campaigning
           Media effects
           Working with the media
           The electoral program as an element of communication
5. Electoral marketing
           What is marketing?
           Why electoral marketing?

           The Electoral Message
           Electoral advertising in comparative perspective
6. Applied research: the electoral debates on television
           Why electoral debates on TV?
           Effects of televised debates on voters
           First study: evaluation of the winner of an electoral debate
           Second study: media coverage of electoral debates
           Third study: media coverage of different types of debates
           Fourth study (tentative): the use of social networks as a predictor of the effects of debates on voters 

Practice

The students will have to carry out two types of work, one group work and different individual works (including short exams).
The group work will consist of the simulation of an electoral campaign, for which the students will be organized in different political groups where they will have to design an electoral campaign and present it in class. 
Individual work will consist of class debates on different scientific articles proposed by the professor and short ad-hoc exams. 

The practice classes are expected to be 1/3 of the total of hours of this subject. 

Bibliography

Basic reading list

Alonso, M.A. y Adell, Á. (2011). Marketing Político 2.0. Lo que todo candidato necesita saber para ganar las elecciones. Barcelona, Gestión 2000.

Aira, T. (2009). Los spin doctors. Cómo mueven los hilos los asesores de los líderes políticos. Barcelona, UOC.

Barranco Saiz, F.J. (2010). Marketing político y electoral. Madrid, Pirámide.

Borrador Canel, M.J. (2006). Comunicación política. Una guía para su estudio y práctica. Madrid, Tecnos.

Delgado Sotillos, I. y López Nieto, L. (2008). Comportamiento político y sociología electoral. Madrid, UNED.

Alarcón, G. y Llinares, J. (coord.) (2011). Manual del e-líder. Granada, Algón Editores.

Luengo O.y Rojas, P. (2009). Marketing político y ámbito local. Granada, UIM.

Maarek, P. (2009). Marketing político y comunicación: claves para una buena información política. Paidós Comunicación, Barcelona.

Martin, L. (2002). Marketing político. Arte y ciencia de la persuasión en democracia. Barcelona, Paidós Comunicación.

Mazzoleni, G. (2010). La comunición política. Madrid, Alianza Editorial.

Pérez, D. (2006). Técnicas de comunicación política. El lenguaje de los partidos. Madrid, Tecnos.

Peytibi, X. y Gutiérrez- Rubí, A. (2019). Las campañas conectadas : comunicación política en campaña electoral. Primera edición en formato digital. Barcelona, Editorial UOC.

Sánchez Muñóz, O. y Biglinio Campos, P. (2020). La regulación de las campañas electorales en la era digital : Desinformación y microsegmentación en las redes sociales con fines electorales. Madrid, Centro de Estudios Políticos y Constitucionales.

 

Complementary reading

Bischof, D. y Senninger, R. (2018). Simple politics for the people? Complexity in campaign messages and political knowledge. European Journal of Political Research, 57(2), 473-495.

Cassese, E. C. (2020). Dehumanization of the opposition in political campaigns. Social Science Quarterly, 101(1), 107-120.

Chester, J. y Montgomery, K. C. (2017). The role of digital marketing in political campaigns. Internet Policy Review, 6(4), 1-20.

Denton Jr, R. E., Trent, J. S. y Friedenberg, R. V. (2019). Political campaign communication: Principles and practices. Rowman & Littlefield.

García-Marín, J. (2015). La cobertura mediática de los debates electorales en España. Revista Española de Ciencia Política, (38), 135-161.

García-Marín, J., Calatrava, A. y Luengo, Ó. G. (2018). Debates electorales y conflicto. Un análisis con máquinas de soporte virtual (SVM) de la cobertura mediática de los debates en España desde 2008. Profesional de la Información, 27(3), 624-632.

García-Marín, J. y Luengo, Ó. G. (2019). Populist Discourse in the 21st Century: the definition of otherness on Twitter in the cases of Spain, Bolivia and Venezuela. In Populist Discourse (pp. 81-100). Routledge.

García-Marín, J. y Calatrava, A. (2018). The use of supervised learning algorithms in political communication and media studies: Locating frames in the press. Comunicación y Sociedad, 31(3), 175-188.

Kim, Y. M., Hsu, J., Neiman, D., Kou, C., Bankston, L., Kim, S. Y., ... y Raskutti, G. (2018). The stealth media? Groups and targets behind divisive issue campaigns on Facebook. Political Communication, 35(4), 515-541. Luengo, Óscar G. (2009): ¿Comunicando Desafección? La influencia de los Medios de comunicación en la cultura política, Ciudad de México, Fontamara.

Luengo, Óscar G. (2009): Marketing Político y Ámbito Local. Granada, UIM.

Rose, J. (2017). Brexit, Trump, and post-truth politics. Public Integrity, 19 (6), https://doi.org/10.1080/10999922.2017.1285540

Serrano-Contreras, I. J., García-Marín, J. y Luengo, Ó. G. (2020). Measuring online political dialogue: does polarization trigger more deliberation?. Media and Communication, 8(4), 63-72.

Zuiderveen Borgesius, F., Möller, J., Kruikemeier, S., Ó Fathaigh, R., Irion, K., Dobber, T., ...  y de Vreese, C. H. (2018). Online political microtargeting: Promises and threats for democracy. Utrecht Law Review, 14(1), 82-96

Teaching methods

  • MD01. Lecture/exhibition 
  • MD02. Discussion and debate sessions 
  • MD03. Problem solving and case studies 
  • MD05. Field practicum 
  • MD06. Computer lab practicals 
  • MD07. Seminars 
  • MD08. Simulation exercises 
  • MD09. Analysis of sources and documents 
  • MD10. Group work 
  • MD11. Individual work 

Assessment methods (Instruments, criteria and percentages)

Ordinary assessment session

Class attendance is compulsory and a continuous evaluation system will be followed, where the final grade will be given by:
1. 60% by the score obtained in the group work.
2. 40% by the grades obtained in the individual practices and written exams.
It will be mandatory to attend 80% of the classes in order to follow the continuous evaluation system. 

Students' participation in class might increase their grade. 

Extraordinary assessment session

The extraordinary evaluation will consist of a written exam with two clearly differentiated parts that will be scored equally (50-50):
1. Theoretical part, where students will have to answer questions about the teaching material proposed by the professor in the classroom (usually in the form of PPT presentations).
2. Practical part, where students will have to apply the knowledge acquired by reading the proposed scientific articles proposed for discussion by the teacher. 

Single final assessment

In the cases of a single final evaluation contemplated by the Norms of evaluation and grading of students of the University of Granada (approved in extraordinary session of the of the Governing Council of May 20, 2013), the exam will include the requirements of the extraordinary evaluation, i.e., the completion of a written exam, including both theoretical and practical parts.

Additional information

Originality of papers and tests:
1- The University of Granada will encourage respect for intellectual property and will convey to students that plagiarism is a practice that is contrary to the principles governing the university education.
To this end, it will proceed to recognize the authorship of the work and its protection in accordance with the intellectual property, as established by the current legislation.
2. Plagiarism, understood as the presentation of a work done by another person as one's own or the copying of texts without citing their origin and giving them as one's own, will automatically entail the numerical grade of zero in the subject, regardless of the rest of the grades that the student would have obtained.
This consequence should be understood without prejudice to the disciplinary responsibilities in which the students who plagiarize may incur.
3. The work and materials handed in by the students must be signed with an explicit statement in which the originality of the work is assumed, understood in the sense that it has not used sources without citing them.

Turnitin platform might be used in order to detect possible cases of plagiariasm.
 

Design for all: Specific Educational Support Needs (SEN)
Following the recommendations of the CRUE and the Secretariat for Inclusion and Diversity of the UGR, the systems of acquisition and evaluation of competences included in this teaching guide will be applied according to the principle of "design for all", facilitating learning and the demonstration of knowledge according to the needs of each student.